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Brief notes from “Grow Clivias” by Graham D. Duncan, Kirstenbosch Gardening Series, 1999 (3rd ed. reprinted 2002)

  • Four species:
    • Clivia caulescens (develops an aerial stem)
    • Clivia gardenii
    • Clivia miniata (large trumpet-shaped flowers)
      • var. miniata (orange and red forms)
      • var. citrina (cream and yellow forms)
    • Clivia nobilis
  • Many inter- and intra-specific hybrids, including:
    • x cyrtanthiflora (C. nobilis x miniata)
    • x kewensis ‘Bodnant Yellow’ (C. miniata var. citrina x salmon-flowered C. miniata)
  • All have pendulous tubular flowers except the trumpet-shaped C. miniata.
  • Evergreen, vertical rhizome and perennial fleshy roots.


  • Grow well in large containers with good drainage, good aeration and high humus. Water-logging must be avoided. Regular watering while growing in summer, less water in winter. Regular feeding is needed, can be applied to roots and leaves.
  • C. miniata will grow in rooms in dry air and shade, but will not flower.
  • Frost-tender. Outdoors: dappled shade (ideally a couple of hours of morning sun, then shade the rest of the day to avoid scorching). Resent root disturbance.
  • Propagate by seed and division (in early summer immediately after flowering period). Pollination may be required. Harvest the seed when the ripe berries have turned red or yellow

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genus/clivia/start.txt · Last modified: 12:37 05/09/2020 by Richard White